Our researchers are involved in methodological work across the criminal justice system. Professor Brunton-Smith was part of a research team (with the Centre for Environmental Strategy) that developed a methodology to calculate the carbon costs of criminal activity. Adopting a lifecycle approach, this work provided the first estimate of the carbon footprint of crime in England and Wales (Skudder et al., 2016) as well as examining the carbon implications of falling crime rates (Skudder et al., 2017).
Members of the lab have also addressed the problem of missing data in a longitudinal survey of prisoners, recognising the importance of considering both macro-level prison based influences on attrition, and micro-level prisoner specific effects (Brunton-Smith and Tarling, 2017).
We have also completed work with RAND Europe examining the impacts of new sentencing guidelines on sentencing decisions in the courts, and are developing new methods to accurately measure variations in sentencing consistency.
Key findings from this work can be found in:
- Brunton-Smith, I., Sturgis, P., and Leckie, G. (2018) ‘How collective is collective efficacy? The importance of consensus in judgments about community cohesion and willingness to intervene’. Criminology, 56(3): 608-637.
- Skudder, H., Brunton-Smith, I., Druckman, A., Cole, J., and McInnes, A. (2018) ‘The falling carbon footprint of acquisitive and violent offences’. British Journal of Criminology, 58(2): 351-371
- Skudder, H., Brunton-Smith, I., Tseloni, A., McInnes, A., Cole, J., Thompson, R., and Druckman, A. (2018) ‘Can burglary prevention be low-carbon and effective? Investigating the environmental performance of burglary prevention measures’ Security Journal, 31: 111-138.
- Brunton-Smith, I., and Tarling, R. (2017) ‘Harnessing paradata and multilevel multiple imputation when analysing longitudinal survey data’. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 20(6): 709-720.
- Skudder, H., Druckman, A., Cole, J., Ansaloni, G. P., Brunton-Smith, I., and McInnes, A. (2017) ‘Addressing the carbon-crime blind spot: A carbon footprint approach’. Journal of Industrial Ecology.21(4): 797-1041.
- Brunton-Smith, I., Carpenter, J., Kenward, M., and Tarling, R. (2014) ‘Surveying Prisoner Crime Reduction (SPCR) Using multiple imputation to recover missing data from the SPCR’. Report for Ministry of Justice.
Funded Research Projects
- Evaluation of drug guidelines follow-on project, August 2016 – October 2016, £11,207, Office of the Sentencing Council (with RAND Europe)
- Evaluation of theft and drugs sentencing guidelines, September 2015 – September 2016, £93,718, Office of the Sentencing Council (with RAND Europe)
- Surveying Prisoner Crime Reduction (SPCR) Analytic Project. November 2011 – December 2012,£39,000, Ministry of Justice
- Surveying Prisoner Crime Reduction (SPCR) missing data project. October 2010 – March 2011,£59,000, Ministry of Justice (with Carpenter, J., Kenward, M., and Tarling, R)