REcent updates from the team
Keep Out end of project conference - 19 September 2018
On the 19th September we held a conference to mark the end of our research on the work of the charity KeepOut. Thank to all those who participated. Please check the project page of this website for updates on publications.
European Society of Criminology Conference - Sarajevo 2018
Members of the team attended the recent European Criminology Conference in Sarajevo to present the latest findings from their work and meet with other criminologists from around the world.
Professor Garland's talk 'Making Sense of Hate Crime in the Uk Post-Brexit Vote Climate' discussed whether the somewhat contradictory evidence of a rise in levels of hate crime in and around the Brexit referendum vote was an indicator of a genuine and long-lasting rise in the number of hate crimes, and what we may expect once the UK does leave the European Union. The paper outlined what steps can be taken to tackle prejudice and improve services for those targeted during the protracted period of heightened political and community tensions in which the UK is negotiating its exit from the EU.
Dr Menichelli's presentation 'Crime Control as a Public Health Issue? Changes in Community Safety Work, Alternative Understandings of Crime and Offending, and Potential for Progressive Change' focused on the local governance of community safety in England, Wales and Italy, finding that there is a move towards considering this as a public health issue that is affecting a wide range of institutions that goes beyond the police and includes local authorities, community safety partnerships and Police and Crime Commissioners. In the paper she also outlines some of the implications of the movement towards public health, identifying three: first, a return to discussions on the social causation of crime; second, emerging new forms of victimisation revolving around issues of ‘harm’; third, a re-consideration of the role of crime prevention and punishment.
Dr Berlusconi examined mafia groups involved in international drug trafficking and on their organizational survival and evolution in her paper 'Law Enforcement Targeting and Drug Trafficking Network Dynamics'. Adopting a network approach to study the dynamics of such illicit networks, and to investigate their changes across time, she identifies a number of social mechanisms that are consistent with the actors’ need to balance security with efficiency when trafficking drugs. She then uses statistical models for social networks to account for the formation and termination of ties between pairs of actors over time, and to test whether mechanisms such as triadic closure and homophily facilitate actor connectivity.
Professor Brunton-Smith outlined a new methodology for correctly assessing the consistency of sentencing decisions in cases of Assault in England and Wales, using location-scale models to consider variability in sentencing decisions along with overall biases in the typical sentence awarded ('Re-Assessing the Consistency of Sentencing Decisions in Cases of Assault: Allowing for Within Court Inconsistencies'). He also outlined work with Liam Fenn that demonstrated the impact of recent terrorist incidents on public cohesion and worry about future attacks. This made use of survey data from more than 140,000 residents of london, with interiews conducted on a daily basis since 2006 ('Understanding the Ripple Effect of Terror Incidents on Londoners’ Sense of Safety and Social Cohesion').